Fostering Resilience and Coping Skills in Children and Families in Crisis

Crisis situations can seriously challenge the mental and emotional well-being of children and families. It can include a range of traumatic events, such as natural disasters, family emergencies, or community disasters that can leave children feeling distraught, anxious, and vulnerable.

However, focusing on fostering resilience and coping skills in children and families can support them in overcoming these negative outcomes following crisis situations.

What is Resilience in Children?

Resilience is the ability of a person to bounce back from a situation of crisis or adversity. In children, resilience reflects how well they can adapt to stress and adversity. A resilient child can maintain a positive attitude, better cope with stress, and handle difficult situations more effectively.

Fostering Resilience in Children During Crisis Situations

Parents or caregivers can take the following measures towards fostering resilience in children during crisis situations:

1. Maintain Stability and Consistency

Children feel more safe and secure in a stable and consistent environment, and it is essential to maintain the structure of their normal routines as much as possible when a crisis occurs. The routine can include mealtimes, bedtime, and other daily activities that are indispensable for their well-being.

2. Encourage Communication

Children should feel encouraged to express their emotions and feelings about the crisis event. Parents/caregivers should listen to their children’s ideas and offer support and assistance concerning their concerns.

3. Provide Reassurance

Reassuring children during and after a crisis is essential. Parents can assure children that they are in a safe environment, and their basic needs will be met. If living arrangements have changed, those involved should explain the situation and assure the children that their family is still together.

4. Focus on Positivity

When faced with a crisis, it is essential to focus on positive approaches and consider the positive aspects participating in caring for themselves can bring. Amidst the trauma, there may be moments of appreciation that could be given space to encourage optimism and hope.

Fostering Resilience in Families During Crisis Situations
Families can work on building resilience during a crisis situation too. A supportive family can be an essential factor in the resilience a child can develop.

1. Keep Your Family Connected

Families should try to enhance connectivity and support amongst family members. Engaging in meaningful conversations during mealtimes, playing games and engaging in activities together can create warm, closeness experiences.

2. Encourage Family Members to Care for Themselves

Family members can support the family during the crisis by taking care of themselves. By undertaking self-care, individuals can better manage their emotions, stay concentrated, and maintain their resilience.

3. Utilize External Resources and Support Systems

It may be helpful to utilize the support resources provided by various local health and community organizations.


To help children and families in crisis create resilience, it is essential to invest in resources that support individuals’ mental and emotional well-being. Creating a safe, supportive environment and promoting self-care practices can help children and their families cope with traumatic events better. By working to become more resilient, families can weather anything that comes their way.